Givens, Austen D. “The NSA Surveillance Controversy: How the Ratchet Effect Can Impact Anti-Terrorism Laws.” Harvard National Security Journal. (2013): n. page. Web. 21 Jul. 2013.

http://harvardnsj.org/2013/07/the-nsa-surveillance-controversy-how-the-ratchet-effect-can-impact-anti-terrorism-laws/

The article “The NSA Surveillance Controversy: How the Ratchet Effect Can Impact Anti-Terrorism Laws” is from the Harvard National Security Journal, and it is written by Austen D. Givens. The article discusses what the PRISM program through the NSA had been doing since April 2013. He quotes former Vice President Al Gore, Senator Lindsey Graham and Representative Jim Sensenbrenner on how they feel about the recent events. He writes about the “ratchet effect” and how it effects the anti-terrorism laws through the Patriot Act. He says that because of the effect the anti-terrorism laws are hard to scale back on. He discusses how the new NSA controversy is impacted by the “ratchet effect” and anti-terrorism laws. Givens doesn’t present much of a bias, nor does he chose a side on wether he supports the surveillance or not. He simply states the facts and provides links to back up his facts. The audience is those who read the Harvard National Security Journal and middle-aged adults.

The article will contribute to my work because it provides me with more facts about the subject. Also, it gives me the opinions of a few people in the government.

-Haleigh Lindner

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2 thoughts on “Givens, Austen D. “The NSA Surveillance Controversy: How the Ratchet Effect Can Impact Anti-Terrorism Laws.” Harvard National Security Journal. (2013): n. page. Web. 21 Jul. 2013.

  1. This article is very interesting! I think with my topic as well, just having a non opinionated article to start me out with finding out more about the topic was the most important step in figuring out how I wanted to approach the topic!
    ~Roxanna

  2. The “ratchet effect” in this article is a special concept I read through lot of articles about the NSA surveillance programs, and also because of my lack of background of American history, I think it’s hard for me to understand several points, such as anti-terrorism laws, what is the “ratchet effect”, and what the influence the effect can made. Therefore, it is interesting to expand more readings to better understand the article and to reorganize my ideas about the essay.

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